Being an Encyclopedic Collection of
Rare and Extraordinary Cases, and of the Most
Striking Instances of Abnormality in All
Branches of Medicine and Surgery, Derived from
an Exhaustive Research of Medical Literature
from its Origin to the Present Day, Abstracted,
Classified, Annotated, and
Georges M. Gould
November 8,1848 - August 8,
Lee (Memphis Jour Med Sc 1888;536,i,28)
reports a remarkable case of yawning
followed by sneezing in a girl of fifteen who,
just before, hade a tooth removed without
difficulty. Half an hour afterward
yawning began and continued for five
weeks continously. There was no pain, no
illness, and she seemed amused at her condition.
There was no derangement of the sexual or others
organs and no account of an hysteric spasm.
Potassium bromide and belladona were
administered for few days with negative results,
when two attacks of yawning suddendly
turned to sneezing. On paroxysm followed another
scarcely an interval for speech. She was
chloroformed once and the sneezing ceased, but
was more violent on recorvery therefrom.
ammonium bromide in half-drachm doses, with rest
in bed for psychologic reasons, checkd the
Woakes presented a paper on what he
designated "ear-sneezing" due to the caking of
cerumen in one ear. Irritation of the auricular
branch of the vagus was produced, whence an
impressio was propagated to the lungs through
implication of the third division of the 5th
nerve, sneezing following from reflex
implication of the spinal nerves of respiration,
the lungs being full of air at the time of
yawning; Woakes also speeks of "ear-giddiness"
and offerts a new associate symptom superfical
congestion of the hands and forarm.
Georges M. Gould entered Jefferson Medical
College in 1885 and graduated in 1888. He then
opened an Ophthalmology office in Philadelphia.
During that time he invented the cemented
He was the first president of the
Association of Medical Librarians (now the
Medical Library Association). He served from
1898 to 1901.
After twenty years of practice, he moved to
Ithaca, New York and three years later to